Jeep History in the s
Felix Sabates Mercedes-Benz of South Charlotte; North Polk Street; Pineville , NC Silver Jeep Wrangler Unlimited Sahara 4WD 8-Speed Automatic L V6 24V VVT Link Front Suspension w/Coil Springs; Trailing Arm Rear Suspension w/Coil Springs; 4-Wheel . Jeep Wrangler Unlimited Rubicon. Suspension, Live axles on leaf springs front and rear. Ground clearance, 8 3⁄4 in (22 cm). Fuel capacity, 15 US gal ( imp gal; L). Operational range. mi ( km). Speed, 65 mph ( km/h). The Willys MB and the Ford GPW, both formally called the U.S. Army Truck, 1⁄4 ton, 4×4, Willys trademarked the " Jeep" name, turned the MB into the civilian Jeep CJ. Felix Sabates Mercedes-Benz of South Charlotte; North Polk Street Jeep Grand Cherokee RWD 8-Speed Automatic L V6 24V VVT 4D Fuel Tank; Single Stainless Steel Exhaust; Short And Long Arm Front Suspension w/ Coil Springs; Multi-Link Rear Suspension . Jeep Wrangler Unlimited Rubicon.
But in the categories were revised.
Army solicited proposals from domestic automobile manufacturers. Recognizing the need to create standard specifications, the Army formalized its requirements on July 11,and submitted them to U.
Bids were to be received by July 22, a span of just eleven days.
Manufacturers were given 49 days to submit their first prototype and 75 days for completion of 70 test vehicles. The Army's Ordnance Technical Committee specifications were equally demanding: The remainder of Bantam's 70 test units, usually called 'BRC60', still had a round hood and grille, but square fenders. Shown 7, nicknamed "Gramps", owned by the Smithsonian  Initially, only American Bantam and Willys-Overland entered the competition — Ford joined later.
Bantam's own chief engineer Harold Crist, who had previously worked on the first Duesenberg, and been an engineer at Stutz Motor Co.
Probst turned down Bantam initially, but responded to an Army request and began work on July 17, Probst laid out full design drawings for the Bantam prototype, known as the Bantam Reconnaissance Car or BRC, in just two days, and worked up a cost estimate the next day. Bantam's bid was submitted, complete with blueprints, on July Bantam adapted body stampings from its car line: Using available automotive parts where possible had partly enabled drawing up the blueprints so quickly, by working backwards — Probst and Bantam's draftsmen converted what Crist and a few other men put together into drawings.
The vehicle met all the Army's criteria except engine torque. Allies hastily received interim models — the U. Enter Willys and Ford — pre-production jeeps[ edit ] External images Four-wheel steering Ford GP testing unit archived Since Bantam did not have the production capacity or fiscal stability to deliver on the scale needed by the War Department, the other two bidders, Ford and Willys, were encouraged to complete their own pilot models for testing.
The contract for the new reconnaissance car was to be determined by trials.
As testing of the Bantam prototype took place from September 27 to October 16, Ford and Willys technical representatives present at Holabird were given ample opportunity to study the vehicle's performance. Moreover, in order to expedite production, the War Department forwarded the Bantam blueprints to Ford and Willys, claiming the government owned the design.
Bantam did not dispute this move due to its precarious financial situation. By NovemberFord and Willys each submitted prototypes to compete with the Bantam in the Army's trials.Build Your Willys: MB/GPW - Rear Shackle Installation
For these respective pre-production runs, each vehicle received revisions and a new name. Bantam's became the BRC Production began on March 31,with a total of 2, built up to December 6 — most of them supplied to Allied nations under the Lend-Lease program. However, as the company could not meet the Army's demand for 75 Jeeps a day, production contracts were also awarded to Willys and Ford. Some 1, MAs were built, many of which went to the Soviet Union under Lend-Lease — only a mere 27 units are still known to exist.
Army units and soldiers. The Ford's overall design and quality of construction had advantages over the Bantam and Willys models, but the GP's engine, an adaptation of the Model N tractor engine, was underpowered and insufficiently reliable.
Fifty units were built with four-wheel steering, of which four have survived. Willys won the contract mostly due to its much more powerful 60HP engine the "Go Devil"which soldiers raved about, and its lower cost and silhouette.
The design features in the Bantam and Ford entries which represented an improvement over Willys's design were then incorporated into the Willys car, moving it from an "A" designation to "B", thus the "MB" nomenclature. Most notable was a flat wide hood, adapted from Ford GP.
By Octoberit became clear that Willys-Overland could not keep up with production demand, and Ford was contracted to build jeeps as well — but according to Willys blueprints, drawings, specifications and patents, including the Willys engine. Approximately 51, were exported to the U. Many body detail differences remained for as long as Januarywhen a composite body, fabricated by American Central, was adopted by both Ford and Willys, that integrated features of both designs.
Army, which had applied for it, listing Colonel Byron Q.
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Jones as the inventor on the patent, though he performed no work on the design of the vehicle. Initially, Ford and Willys embossed their brand names in some of their jeeps' panels, like the rear — but the U. Inspired by the larger DUKWthe vehicle was produced too quickly and proved to be too heavy, too unwieldy, and of insufficient freeboard.
The Soviets were sufficiently pleased with its ability to cross rivers to develop their own version of it after the war, the GAZ 46 MAV. How the jeep got its name[ edit ] See also: Many explanations have proven difficult to verify. With certainty, the term "jeep" was already in use before the war, designating various things; while early jeeps were indicated by many designations and nicknames.
Segar 's Popeye cartoons. Army slang for new, uninitiated recruits or other new personnel who still had to prove their mettle; as well as by mechanics, to refer to any new prototypes and untested vehicles to be proven at military bases. Sanders, a dictionary of military slang, published inin the Pentagon library: A four-wheel drive car of one-half to one-and-one-half-ton capacity for reconnaissance or other army duty.
The vehicle met all the Army's criteria except engine torque. Enter Willys and Ford The Army thought that the Bantam company was too small to supply the required number of vehicles, so it supplied the Bantam design to Willys and Fordand encouraged them to modify the design. The resulting Ford "Pygmy" and Willys "Quad" prototypes looked very similar to the Bantam BRC prototype, and Spicer supplied very similar four-wheel drivetrain components to all three manufacturers.
The Willys version became the standard Jeep design, designated the model MB and was built at their plant in Toledo, Ohio. The familiar pressed-metal Jeep grille was a Ford design feature and incorporated in the final design by the Army. Because the US War Department required a large number of vehicles in a short time, Willys-Overland granted the US Government a non-exclusive license to allow another company to manufacture vehicles using Willys' specifications.
The Army chose Ford as a second supplier, building Jeeps to the Willys' design.
Dodge Challenger in Winnipeg, MB | Gauthier Chrysler Dodge Ram Jeep
Willys supplied Ford with a complete set of plans and specifications. There were subtle differences between the two. Willys also followed the Ford pattern by stamping its name into some body parts, but stopped this in An average of were supplied to every Army infantry regiment. Jeeps were used for many purposes, including cable laying, saw milling, as firefighting pumpers, field ambulances, tractors and, with suitable wheels, would even run on railway tracks.
An amphibious jeep, the model GPA, or "seep" Sea Jeep was built for Ford in modest numbers but it could not be considered a huge success—it was neither a good off-road vehicle nor a good boat. The Land Rover was inspired by the Jeep. The utilitarian good looks of the original Jeep have been hailed by industrial designers and museum curators alike.
The Museum of Modern Art described the Jeep as a masterpiece of functionalist designand has periodically exhibited the Jeep as part of its collection. Pocket Stove"the two most important pieces of noncombat equipment ever developed. Some ads claimed to offer "Jeeps still in the factory crate. The Jeepney is a unique type of taxi or bus created in the Philippines.
Jeepneys were built from Jeeps by lengthening and widening the rear "tub" of the vehicle, allowing them to carry more passengers. Over the years, Jeepneys have become the most ubiquitous symbol of the modern Philippines, even as they have been decorated in more elaborate and flamboyant styles by their owners.
Most Jeepneys today are scratch-built by local manufacturers, using different powertrains. Aside from Jeepneys, backyard assemblers in the Philippines construct replica Jeeps with stainless steel bodies and surplus parts, and are called "owner-type jeeps" as jeepneys are also called "passenger-type jeeps".
Ford's M of which the latest is the Humvee. On February 1,contract N8ss was approved for 1, units "especially adapted for general reconnaissance or command communications" and "constructed for short period underwater operation such as encountered in landing and fording operations. It had heavier full-floating axles and a foldable, vertical, flat windshield.
Today, it serves other countries, and is still being produced by Kia under license. Jeep etymology See also: Joe Frazer, Willys-Overland President from toclaimed to have coined the word jeep by slurring the initials G. Lee Ermey on his television series Mail Calldisputes this "slurred GP" origin, saying that the vehicle was designed for specific duties, and was never referred to as "General Purpose" and it is highly unlikely that the average jeep-driving GI would have been familiar with this designation.
Ermey suggests that soldiers at the time were so impressed with the new vehicles that they informally named it after Eugene the Jeepa character in the Thimble Theatre comic strip and cartoons created by E. Segaras early as mid-March Eugene the Jeep was Popeye's "jungle pet" and was "small, able to move between dimensions and could solve seemingly impossible problems. A precursor of the Boeing B Flying Fortress was also referred to as the jeep.
Sanders, a dictionary of military slang, published inin the library at The Pentagon gives this definition: A four-wheel drive vehicle of one-half- to one-and-one-half-ton capacity for reconnaissance or other army duty. A term applied to the bantam-cars, and occasionally to other motor vehicles U. Also referred to as "any small plane, helicopter, or gadget. Early inWillys-Overland demonstrated the vehicle's off-road capability by having it drive up the steps of the United States Capitoldriven by Willys test driver Irving "Red" Hausmann, who had recently heard soldiers at Fort Holabird calling it a "jeep.